This defines a situation where transactions are made to take advantage of market imperfections, making a risk-less profit.
ASK / OFFER
The price at which a trader enters a long position or closes a short position.
This is the commonly used name for the AUD/USD pair.
This is when a client tests a trading strategy using the historical data of the charts.
The amount of money a trader has in his account.
The base currency is the first currency of a pair being quoted. For example, when trading EUR/USD the base currency is the EUR.
Defines a market where the price is falling.
The price at which a trader enters a short position or closes a long position.
Serves as a middleman in the market, bringing sellers and buyers together, earning a commission in the process.
Defines a market that is rising.
A type of order used to enter a long position at a price below the current market price. A buy limit is triggered if the market moves down and the ask price hits the set price of the order.
A type of order used to enter a long position at a price above the current market price. The buy stop is triggered if the market moves up and the ask price hits the set price of the order.
This is the commonly used name for the GBP/USD pair.
A CFD (contract for difference) is based on an underlying financial instrument and allows an investor to experience all the benefits and risks of owning the underlying security without owning it.
This is a fee from the broker for carrying out a trade and is charged in addition to the spread.
A company may at times distribute a portion of its earnings by issuing dividend.
Electronic Communication Network (ECN) trading is a market network of liquidity providers, including banks, ECN brokers, corporations and traders.
This is a calendar that displays economic news / events. It will display which institution the release has come from, which currency it is likely to affect, and usually is graded in tiers as to how much of an impact it may have on the market (1 – low impact, 2 – medium impact, 3 – high impact).
The amount of money in an account adjusted for any unrealised profits/losses (open positions).
Non heavily traded currencies. A pair that does not contain one of the major currencies (CAD, USD, EUR, GBP, CHF, JPY, AUD, NZD).
EAs are computer programs that are used for automation of analytical and trading processes, otherwise known as algorithmic trading. TMGM does not offer its own EAs, however, we are happy to allow the use of third party EAs on our MT4 accounts.
This is the commonly used name for the EUR/USD pair.
This is when the trader has no open positions.
FLOATING PROFIT / LOSS
This is the profit/loss of your currently open positions.
This is the amount of money available for trading net of margin already in use and any unrealised gains/losses. It is calculated by subtracting used margin from the available equity.
This is the commonly used name for the USD/JPY pair.
This is when a trader holds opposing positions of the same instrument. For example, if a trader has a buy position and a sell position of EUR/USD, they would have a hedged position. Fully hedged means that you have the same volume of Buy and Sell open of the same instrument. For example, 1 lot Buy EUR/USD and 1 lot Sell EUR/USD would be a fully hedged trade.
Indices are a measurement of the price performance of a group of shares from an exchange. For example, the FTSE 100 (Financial Times Stock Exchange 100) is an index of the biggest 100 companies on the London Stock Exchange.
INSTANT ORDER / EXECUTION
Used when entering the market at the current bid/ask price depending on whether you wish to sell/buy a specific instrument. If the requested price is not available at the time of execution you would receive a requote, where the trader would have to confirm that they wish to enter the trade at the new price.
This is the commonly used name for the NZD/USD pair.
This is the time taken between an order being placed, and it being executed. Traders prefer lower latency, as it reduces the chances of the market moving between the order being placed and executed.
Utilising leverage allows traders to trade with a lower margin requirement than would be required without leverage. It is a form of borrowing from the broker. For example, if a trader, without leverage, wanting to purchase 1 lot of EUR/USD would be required to have a margin of 100,000.00 euro in his account. However, with the use of leverage, the margin requirement is greatly reduced; the same trader, this time utilising a leverage of 100:1, would only be required to have 1000 euro in margin for the same 1 lot of EUR/USD. Leverage is regarded as a double-edged sword because just as it increases trading profits and can equally increase trading losses.
Depends on the amount of volume available in the market and describes the ease at which a financial instrument can be bought or sold without distressing the market price. If the market is liquid, this means that there are large volumes supporting current prices and therefore it is easy to trade the instrument at current price levels. Conversely, an illiquid market defines market condition where there is little volume, making it hard to fill orders at the market price.
If the trader is a net buyer of a specific instrument, he is long the instrument.
This is the commonly used name for the CAD/USD pair.
This is the standardised unit representation of a specific financial instrument. For example, holding 1 lot long of EUR/USD is synonymous with buying 100,000.00 euro worth of US dollars (the standard contract size of the pair).
These currency pairs are considered by traders to drive the global forex market and are the most heavily traded. There are 7 major currency pairs, and they must include USD + any of the other 7 major currencies (CAD, EUR, GBP, CHF, JPY, AUD, NZD).
The amount of money required to open a position. Margin is depended on the type of contract to be traded, the volume to be traded and the leverage used by the client.
A trader would receive a margin call warning, from his broker if one or more of the trades he/she is involved in decreases in value below the required margin. The trader should either deposit more money in the account or close some positions or potentially face a stop out.
This is a percentage representation of how much equity outweighs the margin requirements of all open positions. It is calculated by dividing equity over used margin.
A company or individual who quotes both bid and ask prices and is ready to make a two-sided market for any financial instrument.
MARKET ORDER / EXECUTION
Used when entering the market at the current bid/ask price depending on whether you wish to sell/buy a specific instrument. If the requested price is not available at the time of execution, then the system will automatically enter the trade at the next best available price. It is possible to receive the requested price, a worse price (negative slippage) or a better price (positive slippage/price improvement).
The current price (bid/ask) at which a financial instrument can be traded.
This is 1/100th of a standard lot. Denoted as 0.01 lots on the platform. This is the smallest trade size available for our FX pairs.
This is 1/10th of a standard lot. Denoted as 0.1 lots on the platform.
MetaTrader 4 is an electronic trading platform widely used by online forex brokers.
NDD (NO DEALING DESK) INTERVENTION
This means that trades will be executed automatically, without any intervention from a dealing desk.
An order to be executed at a future time at a price that you specify. The following types of pending orders are available: Buy Limit, Buy Stop, Sell Limit, and Sell Stop. You may attach a stop loss and/or take profit to any pending order.
A pip is the smallest commonly quoted change of an exchange rate of a currency pair. The major currencies, except the JPY, are priced to four or more decimal places, for these currencies a pip is one unit of the fourth decimal point. For the JPY, a pip refers to one unit in the second decimal point. Please note that a lot of Forex brokers quote exchange rates with an additional digit that is called a point.
This is the value of a 1-pip movement of a trade. For example, a 1 Lot EUR/USD trade will have a pip value of 10 USD. Therefore, each time the market price moves by 1 pip (0.0001) the client will profit, or lose depending on the direction of the trade, by 10 USD.
A point is 1/10th of a pip (0.1 pips). So would be the 5th digit after the decimal point on the majority of forex pairs, or the third digit after the decimal point on JPY pairs.
This is a term used in technical analysis. It is used to describe an area at which there is strong selling pressure preventing the market price from breaking above a certain level.
ROLLOVER / SWAP
If a trade is kept open overnight, then there is a swap/rollover cost/income calculated on that position based on the difference in interbank lending rates of the specific countries comprising the pair. This will be applied at 23:59 Server time each night, and triple on Wednesdays to compensate for the weekend.
Trading technique that is characterised by short term, high-frequency trading.
A type of order used to enter a short position at a price above the current market price. A sell limit is triggered if the market moves up and the bid price hits the set price of the order.
A type of order used to enter a short position at a price below the current market price. The sell stop is triggered if the market moves down and the bid price hits the set price of the order.
If a trader is a net seller of a specific instrument, he is short the instrument.
This is when there is a difference in price between the trader’s request, and the execution of the request. It is possible to receive both negative and positive slippage. For example, if a trader has requested to open a Buy position at 1.10000 and it was executed at 1.10001, then then client has received negative slippage of 1 point, as the opening price is worse than the requested price. Similarly, if a client requested to close a sell position at 1.10000 and it was executed at 1.09999 then the client has received positive slippage of 1 point, as the closing price is better than the requested price.
A large market movement within a short period of time.
This is the difference between the bid and ask price of an instrument.
Stop Loss is a trading tool that helps a trader to limit their losses on a specific trade. The trader can set a price that the trade will be triggered to close if it were to be reached. For a Buy trade, the Stop Loss would have to be below the current market price and would be triggered when the Bid price reaches the Stop Loss level. Conversely, for a Sell trade the Stop Loss would have to be above the current market price and would be triggered when the Ask price reaches the Stop Loss level. Stop Losses are executed using Market Execution; therefore, it is possible to receive negative or positive slippage on the execution of a Stop Loss.
Stop Out is a tool that helps a trader to avoid losing their entire balance if the market were to move against them. The system will automatically close trades, starting with the least profitable, until the traders margin level percentage is back above the required level. Stop Out will occur when your Margin Level Percentage falls equal to, or below, 40%. Which means if your Equity falls below 40% of your used Margin Stop Out will occur.
This is a term used in Technical analysis. It is used to describe an area at which there is strong buying demand preventing the market price from breaking below a certain level.
This is the commonly used name for the CHF/USD pair.
Take Profit is a trading tool that helps a trader to automatically close a profitable trade when it reaches a predefine price level. For a Buy trade the Take Profit would have to be above the current market price and would be triggered by the Bid price reaching the Take Profit price. For a Sell trade the Take Profit would have to be below the current market price and would be triggered based on the Ask price. Take Profit orders are executed using Limit Execution, which means you will receive either your requested price or better.
TERM / QUOTED CURRENCY
The term Currency is the second currency quoted in your currency trading pair. For example, when trading the EUR/USD the term currency is the USD.
This is the smallest price movement for a non-FX instrument. For example, if XAU/USD were to move from 100.00 to 100.01 then it has increased by 1 tick.
This is a function where you can place a stop loss on an open trade, that will move with the market whilst it is moving in the same direction as your trade, then will execute the stop loss when the market moves in the opposite direction of the trade. Bear in mind that trailing stops are saved to the trading platform, rather than the server, therefore will not operate if the platform is not running.
Represents the amount of dispersion around an average for a given pair within a specific period.
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